I've heard it said many times that the Congressional redistricting performed by the Texas Lege in 1991 was a masterful job of gerrymandering by the Democrats. After the 1992 election, the first one held following that session, the Texas Congressional delegation had 21 Dems and 9 Republicans.
In 1994, Steve Stockman ousted 20-term veteran Jack Brooks in the 9th CD, while Mac Thornberry unseated Bill Sarpaulius in the 13th.
In 1996, Pete Geren did not run for reelection in the 12th, opening the door for Kay Granger. Greg McLaughlin changed parties after the 94 election, then lost a Republican primary challenge to Ron Paul. John Bryant abandoned his 5th CD seat in an unsuccessful bid for the Democratic nomination for Senate, and Pete Sessions swooped in. Meanwhile, Nick Lampson made the loopy Stockman a one-termer.
That's the last time an incumbent was defeated, though several others have had close calls, and it's the last time a seat changed parties. There were a few retirements (Bill Archer, Dick Armey, Jack Fields) and other open seats (Ken Bentsen), but in each case the same party held the seat.
Thus, in the two elections immediately following the "great gerrymander" election of 1992, the Republicans picked up four seats. They got two more after the 2001 reapportionment, bringing us to the current total.
I don't really have a point to make here, I just thought this was interesting. Make of it what you will. You can find all of the data here; please note that there was a "special" election and a runoff election in 1996, which accounts for most of the several missing Congressional election results in the November general election.Posted by Charles Kuffner on July 29, 2003 to Killer D's | TrackBack