Standard & Poor's analyzed data in Texas and eight other states considering instituting a 65 percent classroom spending requirement. It found no significant positive correlation between the percentage of funds that districts spend on instruction and the percentage of students who score proficient or higher on state reading and math tests.
"Interestingly, some of the highest-performing districts spend less than 65 percent, and some of the lowest-performing districts spend more than 65 percent. Student performance does not noticeably or consistently increase at 65 percent, or any other percentage spent on instruction," concluded the report.
Education Commissioner Shirley Neeley is trying to decide how to define "classroom spending" for Perry's rule. Districts will start phasing in the requirement during the 2006-07 school year.
Superintendents opposed to the 65 percent rule have focused on the Standard & Poor's report as another argument against the initiative.
"There's a danger inherent in adopting rules that sound good but have no statistical basis or significance," said David Anthony, superintendent of Cypress-Fairbanks ISD, which spends more than 65 percent on classroom instruction.
Neeley's former school district, Galena Park, is an example of one that spent less than 65 percent in 2003 — the latest figures available from the Texas Education Agency — but was top-rated at the time.
"The 65 percent rule is an arbitrary figure. That percentage has no meaning on how effective a school district is," said Mark Henry, current superintendent of Galena Park. "Some school districts have to spend more on social services and security and those items might not be figured into the 65 percent rule."
What might possibly be useful is to compare the outliers, the schools that are more than two standard deviations away from whatever the mean value is, and see if there's a statistically significant difference between their levels of performance on whatever standard you care to measure against. Maybe if there's a gap between the 60 percenters and the 70 percenters, or the 55s and 75s, there's an angle worth pursuing. I say "maybe" because there may be a legitimate reason why one school spends that much less on classroom instruction than another, such as a higher percentage of special-needs kids. It would all depend on how you define "classroom expenses", of course. It's my guess that even at the extremes, other factors such as the actual dollars spent per student and the students' overall socioeconomic markers would have a much greater correlation to good test scores. But who knows? Show me I'm wrong and that there is something to this and I'll change my mind. What are the odds Governor Perry will ever say that?
And secondly, a reminder of where this is all coming from:
The idea of spending 65 percent in the classroom has been embraced by the business community and is gaining steam nationwide. It is being pushed by Patrick Byrne, the president of online retailer Overstock.com Inc. of Salt Lake City.
Byrne's money helped launch First Class Education, a nonprofit group that is spending millions of dollars to promote the issue through legislation and voter initiatives.
Tim Mooney, a spokesman for the group, said 65 percent spending mandates could be on the ballot in as many as 10 states this year.
"We anticipate this will be a multi-million dollar campaign nationally and perhaps a multi-million campaign in most of these states," said Mooney.
He would not disclose any other donors of the group. Byrne also supports school vouchers, but Mooney said classroom spending is First Class Education's only issue.
Business groups often support educational reforms as a way to avoid higher taxes to pay for schools.
Sen. Jeff Wentworth, R-San Antonio, initiated the idea in Texas last spring when he added it to an education reform bill. The legislation failed.
Wentworth said San Antonio businessman Red McCombs, former owner of the Minnesota Vikings football team, suggested the requirement.
"It looked like a good idea from a policy standpoint," said Wentworth. "I hear complaints from people about these Taj Mahal campuses and football stadiums. At the same time, superintendents say they don't have enough money to pay teachers more."
Sigh. More special sessions than you can count, and this is the only thing we have to show for them. Says a lot about our priorities.Posted by Charles Kuffner on January 31, 2006 to Budget ballyhoo | TrackBack